Insperia

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Seaborne Deliveries

The substantial volume of coal export from Russia is shipped by sea. According to the information at hand about 142.3 MT of Russian coal (from anthracite to coking type) was exported by sea in the year 2015.

Westward

Mainly, the export of Russian coal by sea is carried out through the ports of CIS and Baltic countries. In 2015 about 59.5 MT of all types of Russian coal was shipped through western ports. SUEK AG engages the following ports for transshipment of its coal for European and Mediterranean destinations:

Westward – 1.3 MT per month
MURMANSK (Continent, Mediterranean)
UST-LUGA – terminal UPK (Scandinavia, Continent, Mediterranean)

Port of Murmansk

Port of Murmansk (OJSC “Murmansk Commercial Seaport”) was established in 1915. The Port is located on the eastern side of the Kola Bay, by the Barents Sea.

Port of Murmansk takes a unique place in comparison with other northern ports of Russia due to its geographical location and climatic conditions. Even being located beyond the Polar Circle, the Port is ice-free the year round.

Another feature of the Port of Murmansk is that it is a tidal port having the water level fluctuating up to 4 m during the day.

The running characteristics of the Port related to coal handling are as follows: total of 7 berths, each of them is up to 300 m long and has a permitted draft up to 14.3 m on the zero water level. Port of Murmansk is fitted out for loading of vessels having deadweight of up to 170 000 MT.

As to the production capacity, the Port is the second one among the ports of CIS and Baltic countries handling coal. In 2015 the Port of Murmansk transshipped about 13.6 MT of coal, out of which 12 MT was coal of SUEK AG . More than 95% of deliveries are now performed on CIF and DES/DAP basis.

In addition, the Port of Murmansk provides different kind of services among which the most important are those related to preparation of coal for transportation by sea: removal of metal admixtures and other foreign impurities and coal crushing.

Summary of handling of our coal via Port of Murmansk:

Monthly quantity, mt Vessels’ DWT, mt Max draft, m LOA, m Loading rate, kmt/day
1 000 000 70K – 170K 14,3 300 18

Coal loaded at Port of Murmansk is mainly delivered by SUEK AG in panamax, post-panamax or baby-cape type vessels.

Port of Ust-Luga

Port of Ust-Luga (terminal UPK) is located in the Luga Bay of the Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea, being about 120 km west of Saint-Petersburg city. This terminal has been constructed as a part of universal port named OJSC “Ust-Luga sea merchant port” with potential aggregated capacity  up to 120 mln tons of various cargoes annually starting from 2015.

The Terminal has 2 berths of 350 m in length as a facility for handling coal and it is adapted for loading up to Panamax size vessels as well as Babycapes. The permitted draft at the berth is 13.7 m on the zero water level with positional increasing up to 14.2 m. Moreover, the Terminal is equipped for cleaning coal from metal admixtures.

SUEK AG has a contract with the Port for handling of 4.0 MT of coal annually, 90% of which is for delivery on CIF and DES/DAP terms..

Summary of handling of our coal via Port of Ust-Luga (terminal UPK):

Monthly quantity, mt Vessels’ DWT, mt Max draft, m LOA, m Loading rate, kmt/day
330 000 110 000 13,7 350 15

Eastward

The ports in the Far East of Russia handled about 70 MT of coal in 2015. The following ports transship the coal in order to perform the deliveries of SUEK AG to the Asian countries:

Eastward – 2 mt per month
VANINO BULK TERMINAL (Japan, S. Korea, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, China)
MALY (Japan, Taiwan, China, S. Korea, Vietnam)
VOSTOCHNY (China, Taiwan, Japan, S.Korea)

Vanino Bulk Terminal (Muchke bay)

Vanino Bulk Terminal is located in Khabarovsk region of Russia on the shore of Tatarsky Gulf. JCS SUEK completed construction of new coal terminal at Vanino port in December 2008.

The technical characteristics of Vanino Bulk Terminal are:

  • length of the berth – up to 330 / 360 m,
  • two berths – permitted draft – up to 15.4 m and 17 m accordingly,
  • storage capacity – up to 1,2 MT,
  • deadweight of vessels to be handled – up to 170 000 mt,
  • annual throughput capacity – up to 21 MT.

The coal terminal in Vanino is equipped by such special facilities as cars tippers, de-freezing machinery, stackers-reclaimers, magnet and sampling stations, ships-loaders, etc.

SUEK AG exported about 18.3 MT of coal via Vanino Bulk Terminal in 2015.

Summary of handling of our coal via Vanino Bulk Terminal:

Monthly quantity, mt Vessels’ DWT, mt Max draft, m LOA, m Loading rate, kmt/day
1 600 000 170 000 17,0 300 10-30

The loading rate depends on the DWT vessel to handle.

Maly Port

Being adjacent to Vostochny Port, Maly Port has the same geographical location (Vrangel Bay in Nakhodka area).

Maly port accommodates 3 berths for coal handling, LOA is up to 198 m long in case of simultaneous berthing to two berths #34 and #35 at same time and having permitted draft of up to 8.0 m. The Port is adapted for handling vessels of deadweight up to 30 000 MT.

SUEK AG has about 2.7 MT of coal exported via Maly port per annum, about 30% of which are delivered on CIF terms, the rest is on FOB basis. Removal of metal admixtures and coal crushing are also performed by the Port in accordance with the requirements of SUEK AG.

Summary of handling of our coal via Maly port:

Monthly quantity, mt Vessels’ DWT, mt Max draft, m LOA, m Loading rate, kmt/day
225 000 30 000 8,0 198 7 – 10

Vostochny Port

Vostochny Port is located in Primorsky region in Vrangel Bay of Sea of Japan.

In terms of transshipment capacity Vostochny Port is the biggest coal handling port in Russia. About 22.6 MT of coal were handled via Vostochny Port in 2015.

Vostochny Port terminal PPK-3 has 2 berths for coal handling, each of up to 350 m in length and with permitted draft of up to 16 m. The Port terminal PPK-3 is capable of handling vessels of up to 170 000 MT in deadweight. In addition, Vostochny Port terminal PPK-3 is specially equipped for coal handling by such facilities as cars tippers, de-freezing machinery, stackers, ships-loaders, etc.

Vostochny Port terminal PPK-1 has 4 berths for coal handling with permitted draft of 11 m – 12.2 m.

SUEK AG exported about 3.0 MT of coal via Vostochny Port in 2015.

Summary of handling of our coal via Vostochny Port:

Terminal Monthly quantity, mt Vessels’ DWT, mt Max draft, m LOA, m Loading rate, kmt/day
PPK-1 170 000 65 000 11 – 12.2 250 6 – 8
PPK-3 80 000 170 000 16 350 8 – 25

Southward

About 10.7 MT of all types of Russian coal were handled via the ports of the southward in 2015. The following ports at the southward transship the coal SUEK AG delivers:

Southward – 0,10 MT per month
AZOV (Turkey, Bulgaria)
IZMAIL (Danube countries)

Port of Azov

Being about 40 km far from Rostov-on-Don city, Port of Azov is located within Azov city on the coast of the Azov sea, Russia.

Port of Azov accommodates 6 berths for coal handling, each of up to 200 m long and with permitted draft of up to 3.6 m. The Port handles vessels of sea-river type having deadweight of  up to 5 000 mt.

SUEK AG handled more than 0.6 MT of coal in 2015. All quantity of coal is delivered on CIF and DAP terms, mainly to Turkey and Bulgaria.

Summary of handling of our coal via Port Azov:

Monthly quantity, mt Vessels’ DWT, mt Max draft, m LOA, m Loading rate, kmt/day
50 000 5 000 3,6 200 2.5

Port of Izmail

Port Izmail is the Ukrainian river port on Danube river near Izmail city.

The port is designed for handling river barges and a number of small berths (up to 200 m in length and up to 3.5 m of permitted draft) are available for this.

Each year SUEK AG arranges about 0.3 MT of coal to be exported via Port Izmail, and delivers such coal on FOB basis to such Danube countries as Bulgaria Macedonia, Romania, and Serbia.

Summary of handling of our coal via Port Izmail:

Monthly quantity, mt Vessels’ DWT, mt Max draft, m LOA, m Loading rate, kmt/day
50 000 2 000 3,5 – 7 200 0.8